Almost 40 million people are currently infected with the AIDS virus worldwide; the immense majority, 90%, live in impoverished countries. Although significant progress in treatment coverage has been made in recent years, only about 50% of people have access to medicine. However, the pace of reducing new HIV cases has slowed, thus making it impossible to point towards a significant advance in this respect.
The commitment shown so far by donor countries in the fight against AIDS is on the decline. A withdrawal of international support mainly affects middle-income countries (the first to stop receiving funds) and their key populations (men who have sex with men, drug users, sex workers, transgender people and the prison population), who are stigmatized and criminalized by the conservative and repressive policies in many of these countries.
Eradicating the AIDS pandemic by 2030 is possible, but only if long-term investment increases, effective policies that promote human rights are adopted, the cost of medicines are reduced and a commitment is made to the development of an effective and affordable vaccine.